How to Improve Your Credit Score: Our Favorite Hacks
An awesome credit score can give you access to the best credit cards, the best personal loan terms, and ultra-low interest rates on auto and home loans. A bad score? It will severely limit your lending options, force you to pay sky-high interest, and may even prevent you from qualifying for that home or apartment rental.
Developing healthy credit habits can help you feel in control of your finances—and feel more satisfied in other areas of your life. And fortunately, the power to get back on track is in your hands. If you’re wondering how to improve your credit score and credit history as quickly as possible, these easy steps will help you get there.
1. Pay every bill on time.
More than a third of your credit score is based on how well you pay the bills that are reported to the credit bureaus. In fact, paying your monthly credit card or loan payments late even a few times can knock valuable points off your score. So, the single best thing you can do to beef up your creditworthiness is to ensure you pay at least the minimums owed.
Need some help sticking to a schedule? Try these hacks:
- Alert yourself Use technology to your advantage. Log into your loan or credit card accounts and set up notifications. You can choose text or email notifications when a bill’s due date is approaching.
- Set up automatic bill pay Have your credit card or lender automatically pull the payment owed from your bank account before the bill is due.
- Align your payment dates Check with your lenders to see if they’ll allow you to change your monthly due dates. It’s much easier to remember one or two due dates a month than to keep tabs on 10.
2. Use less credit.
How much of your credit card limit are you currently using? That percentage is called your credit utilization ratio, and—if it’s more than 30%—you’re likely hurting your score. In fact, studies show that people with the highest credit scores routinely use well under 10% of their available credit.
Your credit utilization ratio weighs heavily in the calculation of your credit score—almost as much as your bill payment history. So, try these tips to minimize your ratio and improve your credit score:
- Charge less If swiping your plastic too often is driving up your credit utilization ratio, try a different payment method whenever possible. Pay with a debit card, initiate a bank transfer, use PayPal, or use plain old cash for your transaction.
- Pay down debt Any balance you carry on your cards adds to your utilization ratio. If you’re struggling with high-interest debt, try a proven strategy for paying off your debt faster. Maybe consider consolidating your credit card debt at a lower interest rate.
- Pay more than once a month Even if you pay your card off every month, your usage throughout the period figures into your credit utilization ratio. If your ratio is too high, consider paying down your balance twice a month instead of just once. The additional payments will allow you to keep your utilization ratio extra low.
>> MORE: Score your financial health. Take our quiz and learn what steps you can take to get on track.
3. Request an increase to your credit limits.
Remember: Your credit utilization ratio is the portion of your credit that you’re actually using. For instance, if you charge $2,000 to a card whose limit is $5,000, your ratio is 40%.
As you’ve seen, you can reduce that $2,000 balance to decrease your utilization ratio. But you can also lower your ratio by increasing your credit limits.
Here’s an example: Suppose you’re still charging $2,000 to your card. Only now, your limit has increased to $8,000. So, your new credit utilization ratio is just 25%. Keep in mind that requesting an increase to your credit limit might initiate a hard inquiry to your credit reports. This might impact your credit score in the short term, but as long as you’re keeping your spending the same (or lower) and practicing good credit habits, it should bounce back quickly.
Check with each of your creditors to see if you’re eligible for an increase to your credit limits. (If you’re not, find out when you will be.) Acclaimed financial blogger Holly Johnson offers some excellent advice on The Simple Dollar for knowing how to time your request.
4. Leave your old cards open.
Great credit takes time to build. Potential lenders want to see that you have a long history of being responsible with debt. Credit cards that you’ve carried for years can offer some of that evidence.
As a result, think carefully before closing an old credit card. Even if you barely use it or have switched to a new card, the age of your old card actually contributes to a better credit score. Not to mention, shutting it down could make it seem as though you’re newer to the credit scene than you actually are. Whenever possible, leave that card open, but be mindful of any annual fees when considering your options.
5. Stay vigilant.
Once you’re on top of your financial game, building great credit is simply a matter of time and dedication. Over the years, responsible spending and repayment will do the work for you. Even so, it’s important to monitor your progress along the way.
Start by keeping tabs on your credit score. These days, most major credit card companies offer you a free look at your score every single month online and on your statement. Many will even alert you if there’s a significant change from one month to the next.
Second, check your credit report regularly. Each year, you’re legally entitled to view your free reports from each of the three credit reporting agencies—Equifax, Experian, and TransUnion.
Beware: mistakes on credit reports are common and can cost you valuable credit score points. Make sure to investigate and double-check that your information is accurate.
If you do find an error or suspect fraud, contact the credit bureau to dispute the data. Each agency is required by law to remove false information from your report. (If you need more details on the process, check out Clark Howard’s step-by-step explanation.)
Finally, hang in there. Even if you’ve made some credit-damaging mistakes in the past, their impact will fade over time. Even major black marks like foreclosures and bankruptcies affect your score less as the years pass. Within 10 years, they’re completely forgotten.
6. Be patient.
No matter where you’re starting from, applying these valuable steps now to increase your credit score will make a difference. Like anything that is worth doing, building your credit score takes time. So, the sooner you incorporate these practices into your everyday life, the sooner you’ll be on your way to an amazing score and a brighter financial future.